Chikungunya fever is a disease caused by a virus and transmitted through mosquito bites. Chikungunya fever was originally found only in the countries of Asia and Africa, but in 2006 the CDC found virus chikungunya in the United States through the PCR test. The disease was first discovered in Tanzania in 1952 – 1953. While in Indonesia itself was first discovered in 1982. The virus was first discovered in the human body and mosquitoes, along with the development of science, revealed that the virus is transmitted through mosquito bites. Based on the results of the study also found that not all mosquitoes can serve as vectors of the virus. There are 2 types of mosquitoes that are known can pass the virus chikungunya mosquito Aedes aegypty IE and Aedes albopictus. The presence of mosquitoes will increase especially in rainy season
SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS
Chikungunya fever is an estimated incubation period lasts for 2-12 days, most often for 3-7 days. The symptoms that arise are similar to the symptoms of dengue fever dengue. It’s just on the symptoms of chikungunya fever and joint pain (atralgia) heavier and lasted longer. Chikungunya fever, however rarer causes death threats compared to dengue fever dengue.
Symptoms that appear include high fever (38 ºc-40 ºc) which lasts for 2-3 days, accompanied by headaches, joint pain, nausea and vomiting, rash redness on the skin, as well as feeling weak. This companion complaint usually lasts for 1 – 7 days.
In this complaint, chikungunya fever is a dominant is joint pain. Pain usually appears not only on one’s joints, but on many joints and moving from one joint to the other joints. The joint feels painful usually the small joints such as the joints of the hands, wrist, ankle, and leg joints. The larger joints are rarely exposed. In addition to pain, swelling and redness appear occasionally on the joints so the barriers to the movement of the joints. At 5-10% of patients, complaints of joint pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints this can take up to days to a year after the fever disappeared. Weight ringannya complications arising depends very much of the age of the patient. The younger the age of the patient then complications arise will be more mild.